Globe Comparing Frontiers

    A working bibliography of studies in comparatiave and transnational history. You have reached one of the history sites created and maintained by Richard W. Slatta, Professor of History, North Carolina State University. Updated 03-Apr-2012

    Cover to Comparing Cowboys and Frontiers
  • Why this bibliography? Walter Nugent, president of the Western History Association, offers one good reason. "This significance of the frontier in American history may well be that it instilled in us the bad habit of building empires. It would be worthwhile if we historians would explore why other frontier-settler societies behaved differently--why, for example, Canada, Brazil, Argentina, or Australian have not been as aggressive, verbally and militarily, as we have. Is it simply that they lacked our great size and economic clout, our demographic fecundity, or our imperial ideology? Were those the crucial differences? Let us compare." [Nugent, 2006 WWA presidential address, expanded as "The American Habit of Empire, or the Cases of Polk and Bush," Western Historical Quarterly, 38:1 (Spring 2007): 24.
  • This bibliography began with my book, Comparing Cowboys and Frontiers: New Perspectives on the History of the Americas, published in 1997 (paperback 2001) by the University of Oklahoma Press. I have added more than 100 entries since then. This is not an exhaustive bibliography on frontier studies. I have included only references to publications that are explicitly comparative or that treat frontiers beyond a single national perspective. I have arranged the entries into topical categories for easier access. The list at present concentrates on cowboys and ranch life in the Western Hemisphere, but I welcome citations to other themes and to frontiers elsewhere in the world. Please email additions, corrections, etc. with full citations in the format used below. Thanks to Tom Barrett, William Reger IV, and Andrea Campetella for suggesting citations.
  • Geographical Categories

    1. General or World-wide Studies
    2. Borderlands: US and Mexico
    3. The Americas: Western Hemisphere Comparisons
    4. Latin America: Spanish Origins
    5. American West (US)
    6. Canadian West
    7. Africa
    8. Australia, New Zealand
    9. Asia/Russia
    10. Other

      General or World-wide Studies

    1. Ahlborn, Richard E., ed. Man Made Mobile: Early Saddles of Western North America. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1980.
    2. Chenevix Trench, Charles P. A History of Horsemanship. Garden City: Doubleday, 1970.
    3. Curtain, Philip D. Curtain, "Depth, Span, and Relevance," American Historical Review 89: 1 (February 1984): 1-9.
    4. Denoon, Donald. Settler Capitalism: The Dynamics of Dependent Development in the Southern Hemisphere. New York: Oxford University Press, 1982.
    5. Edwards, Elwyn Hartley. Horses: Their Role in the History of Man. London: Willow Books, 1987.
    6. Febvre, Lucien. "Frontiere: The Word and the Concept" in Peter Burke, ed.. trans. K. Folca A New Kind of History from the Writings of Lucien Febvre. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1973.
    7. Friend, John B. Cattle of the World. Poole, Eng.: Blandford Press, 1978.
    8. Hall, Thomas D. Bibliography on World-Systems Analysis Not surprisingly, world-systems analysts are among the best practioners of comparative study. Tom Hall provides an excellent annotated bibliography on the approach.
    9. _____. "The Effects of Incorporation into World-Systems on Ethnic Processes:  Lessons from the Ancient World for the Contemporary World," 1998, International Political Science Review 19:3(1998):251-267.
    10. _____. "World-Systems and Evolution:  An Appraisal", 1996, Journal of World-System Research . 2:5:1-109.
    11. _____. "Civilizational Change:  The Role of Nomads", 1991, Comparative Civilizations Review 24(Spring):34-57.
    12. _____. "Native Americans and Incorporation:  Patterns and Problems," 1987, American Indian Culture and Research Journal 11:2:1-30.
    13. _____. "Is Historical Sociology of Peripheral Regions Peripheral?," 1985.  California Sociologist 8:1-2(Sum.-Win.):281-304. [Reprinted pp. 349-372 in Studies of Development and Change in the Modern World, edited by Michael T. Martin and Terry R. Kandal, 1989.  Oxford University Press.]
    14. _____. "Peripheries, Regions of Refuge, and Nonstate Societies:  Toward A Theory of Reactive Social Change," 1983.  Social Science Quarterly 64:3(Sept.):582-597.
    15. _____. "Frontiers, and Ethnogenesis, and World-Systems: Rethinking the Theories," 1999.  Forthcoming in A World-Systems Reader Finding the Global in the Local, 1997.  Pp. 87-96 in Economic Analysis Beyond the Local System, edited by Richard Blanton, Peter Peregrine,  Deborah Winslow, and Thomas D. Hall.  Lanham, MD:  University Press of America.
    16. _____ and Christopher Chase-Dunn.  "Comparing World-Systems:  Concepts and Hypotheses," 1996.  Pp. 11-25 in PreColumbian World-Systems, edited by Peter Peregrine and Gary Feinman.  (Monographs in World Archaeology No. 26).  Madison, WI:  Prehistory Press.
    17. _____. "Rebirth of the Phoenix:  Destruction and Resurgence in American Indian History," 1989.  Humanity & Society 3: 4(November): 457-463
    18. ____. "Incorporation into the World-System and Precapitalist World-Systems," 1998.  Pp. 1434-1436, pp. 1019-1021 in Encyclopedia of Political Economy, edited by Phil O'Hara.  London: Routledge, forthcoming.
    19. _____. "The Historical Evolution of World-Systems." Protosoziologie,1995, 7:23-34, 301-303.
    20. _____. "Comparing World-Systems: Concepts and Working Hypotheses." Social Forces 71:4 (June 1993.):851-886.
    21. _____. "Civilizational Change: The Role of Nomads." Comparative Civilizations Review 24 (Spring 1991):34-57.
    22. _____. "Incorporation in the World-System: Toward A Critique." American Sociological Review 51:3 (June 1986.) :390-402. [Reprinted in Sociological Worlds: Comparative and Historical Readings on Society edited by Stephen K. Sanderson. Los Angeles: Roxbury Publishing (1995:64-74); and The Historical Evolution of the International Political Economy, edited by Christopher Chase-Dunn. Brookfield, VT: E. Elgar Pub., 1995, pp. 495-507).
    23. _____. "Lessons of Long-term Social Change for Comparative and Historical Study of Ethnicity." Current Perspectives in Social Theory, 1984, 5:121-144.
    24. _____" and Christopher Chase-Dunn. Rise and Demise: Comparing World-Systems. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1997.
    25. Journal of the West, 42: 1 (Winter 2003). Special issue on comparative frontiers
    26. Lawrence, Elizabeth Atwood. Hoofbeats and Society: Studies of Human-Horse Interactions. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1985.
    27. McNeill, William. The Great Frontier: Freedom and Hierarchy in Modern Times. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983.
    28. Miller, David Harry and Jerome Steffen, eds., The Frontier: Comparative Studies, Volume 1 (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1977).
    29. Nugent, Walter. "Frontiers and Empires in the Late Nineteenth Century." Western Historical Quarterly, 20: 4 (November 1989): 393-408.
    30. Reynolds, James. A World of Horses. New York: Creative Age Press, 1947.
    31. Rouse, John E. World Cattle. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1970.
    32. Savage, William W., and Stephen I. Thompson, eds., The Frontier: Comparative Studies, Volume 2 Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1979.
    33. Slatta, Richard W. "The Whys and Wherefores of Comparative Frontier History." Journal of the West, 42: 1 (Winter 2003): 8-13.
    34. _____. "Taking Our Myths Seriously." Journal of the West, 40: 3 (Summer 2001): 3-5.
    35. Taylor, Louis. Harper's Encyclopedia for Horsemen: The Complete Book of the Horse. New York: Harper and Row, 1973.
    36. Towne, Charles W. and Edward N. Wentworth. Cattle and Men. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1955.
    37. Vernam, Glenn R. Man on Horseback: The Story of the Mounted Man from the Scythians to the American Cowboy. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1964.
    38. Webb, Walter Prescott. The Great Frontier. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1951, 1979.
    39. Wolfskill, George and Stanley Palmer, eds., Essay on Frontiers in World History (College Station: Texas A&M University Press for the University of Texas at Arlington, 1983).
    40. Wyman, Walker D. and Clifton B. Kroeber, eds. The Frontier in Perspective. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1965.

      Borderlands: US and Mexico

    41. Bader, Thomas M. "A 'Second Field' for Historians of Latin America: An Application of the Theories of Bolton, Turner, and Webb." Journal of Inter-American Studies and World Affairs, 12 (1970): 47-54.
    42. Griswold del Castillo, Richard. "New Perspectives on the Mexican and American Borderlands." Latin American Research Review, 19: 1 (1984): 199-209.
    43. Hall, Thomas D. Social Change in the Southwest, 1350-1880. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1989.
    44. _____. "The Transformation of the Mexican Northwest into the American Southwest: Three Paths of Internal Development," 1988.  Pp. 21-42 in Rethinking the Nineteenth Century:  Contradictions and Movements, ed. Francisco O. Ramirez. Westport, CT:  Greenwood Press.
    45. _____. "Bound Labor:  The Spanish Borderlands," Vol. II, pp. 35-44; "The Reorganization of Empires:  Spanish," Vol. III, pp. 699-707; "Crises of Empire:  Spanish," Vol. III, pp. 720-727, 1993, in Encyclopedia of the North American Colonies. Editor in Chief, Jacob Ernest Cooke.  New York:  Charles Scribner's Sons.
    46. Jordan, Terry G. North American Cattle-ranching Frontiers: Origins, Diffusion, and Differentiation. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1993.
    47. Hamalainen, Pekka. "The Politics of Grass: Euroepean Expansion, Ecolongial Change, and Indigenous Power in the Borderlands." William & Mary Quarterly, 67 (April 2010): 173-208.
    48. LeCompte, Mary Lou. "The Hispanic Influence on the History of Rodeo, 1823-1922." Journal of Sport History 12: 1 (Spring 1985): 21-38.
    49. _____ and William H. Beezley. "Any Sunday in April: The Rise of Sport in San Antonio and the Hispanic Borderlands." Journal of Sport History 13: 2 (Summer 1986): 128-46.
    50. Spicer, Edward H. Cycles of Conquest: The Impact of Spain, Mexico, and the United States on the Indians of the Southwest, 1533-1960. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1962.
    51. Weber, David J. "The Spanish Legacy in North America and the Historical Imagination." Western Historical Quarterly, 23: 1 (February 1992): 5-24.
    52. _____. The Spanish Frontier in North America. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992.
    53. _____. "Turner, the Boltonians, and the Borderlands," American Historical Review 91: 1 (February 1986): 66-81.
    54. Worster, Donald E. "The Significance of the Spanish Borderlands to the United States." Western Historical Quarterly 7: 1 (January 1976): 5-18.

      The Americas: Western Hemisphere Comparisons

    55. Adelman, Jeremy, and Stephen Aron. "From Borderlands to Borders: Empires, Nation-States, and the Peoples in Between in North American History," American Historical Review, (1999), pp. 814-841.
    56. Bechis Rosso, Marta. "Interethnic Relations during the Period of Nation-State Formation in Chile and Argentina: From Sovereign to Ethnic." (Ph.D. Dissertation, New School for Social Research, 1983).
    57. Boccara, Guillaume. "Mundos nuevos en las fronteras del Nuevo Mundo." Nuevo Mundo Mundos Nuevos Nro 1-2001, mis en ligne le 8 fevrier 2005, reference du 12 mai 2005, disponible sur: (2001).
    58. Chapel, David. "Ethnogenesis and Frontiers" Journal of World History, 4:2 (1993).
    59. Dinsmore, Wayne. The Horses of the Americas. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1978.
    60. Donahue, John. Don Segundo Sombra y El Virginiano: Gaucho y cowboy. Madrid: Editorial Pliegos, 1988.
    61. Gascon, Margarita. "The Southern Frontier of the Spanish Empire, 1598-1740." (Ph. D. Dissertation, University of Ottawa, 1994). [compares the Spanish frontier colonies of Santiago de Chile, Mendoza, Cordoba, and Buenos Aires]
    62. Goodman, David. Gold Seeking: Victoria and California in the 1850s. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994.
    63. Guichard du Plessis, Jean and Jo Mora. Cowboys et gauchos des Ameriques. Paris: Andre Bonne, 1968.
    64. Guy, Donna J. and Thomas E. Sheridan, eds. Contested Ground: Comparative Frontiers on the Northern and Southern Edges of the Spanish Empire. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1998.
    65. Haines, Francis D. Horses in America. New York: Crowell, 1971.
    66. Hall, Thomas D. "Cowboys:  A Review Essay," 1993.  Journal of the Southwest 35:1(Spring):106-114.
    67. _____. "Change and Assimilation: Native Americans under Spain and the United States." Free Inquiry in Creative Sociology 13:2(Nov. 1985):173-177.
    68. _____. "La Plata and Las Provincias Internas: Comparisons, Conclusions, Conundra." in Contested Ground, ed. Donna Guy and Thomas Sheridan. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1998.
    69. Hanke, Lewis, ed. Do the Americas Have a Common History?: A Critique of the Bolton Theory. New York: Knopf, 1964.
    70. Hunt, Frazier. Horses and Heroes: The Story of the Horse in America for 450 Years. New York: Scribner's Sons, 1949.
    71. Hurtado, Albert L. "Parkmanizing the Spanish Borderlands: Bolton, Turner, and the Historians' World." Western Historical Quarterly, 26: 2 (Summer 1995): 149-68.
    72. Jones, Peter d'A. Since Columbus: Pluralism and Poverty in the History of the Americas. London: Heinemann, 1975.
    73. Katzman, Martin T. "The Brazilian Frontier in Comparative Perspective." Comparative Studies in Society and History, 17: 3 (July 1975): 266-85.
    74. Langer, Erick. "The Eastern Andean Frontier (Bolivia and Argentina) and Latin American Frontiers: Comparative Contexts (19th and 20th Centuries)." The Americas, 59:1 (2002), pp. 33-63.
    75. Lázaro Avila, Carlos. Las fronteras de America y los "Flandes Indianos". Madrid: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, 1997.
    76. __________. "Parlamentos de paz en la Araucania y las Pampas: una vision comparativa (1604-1820)." Memoria Americana, 7 (1998), pp. 29-60.
    77. Lewis, Archibald R. and Thomas F. McGann, eds. The New World Looks at Its History. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1966.
    78. Library of Congress, Hispanic Division The United States and Brazil: Expanding Frontiers, Comparing Cultures
    79. Library of Congress, Hispanic Division Spain, the U.S., and the American Frontier(bilingual digital library)
    80. Mandrini and Paz, (eds.) Las fronteras hispanocriollas del mundo indigena latinoamericano en los siglos XVIII-XIX. Un estudio comparativo. Tandil, Argentina: IEHS, 2002.
    81. Paullada, Stephen. Rawhide and Song: A Comparative Study of the Cattle Cultures of the Argentinian Pampa and North American Great Plains. New York: Vantage Press, 1963.
    82. Pinto Rodríguez, Jorge, ed. Araucania y Pampas. Un mundo fronterizo en America del Sur. Temuco, Chile: Universidad de la Frontera, 1996.
    83. Pike, Frederick B. The United States and Latin America: Myths and Stereotypes of Civilization and Nature. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1992.
    84. Radding, Cynthia. Landscapes of Power and Identity. Comparative Histories of the Sonoran Desert and the Forests of Amazonia from Colony to Republic. Durham: Duke University Press, 2005.
    85. Russell, Peter A. "The Far-from-Dry Debates: Dry Farming on the Canadian Prairies and the American Great Plains." Agricultural History, 81: 4 (Fall, 2007): 493-521.
    86. Schroter, Bernd. "La frontera en hispanoamerica colonial: un estudio historiográfico comparativo." Colonial Latin American Historical Review, 10:3 (2001), pp. 351-385.
    87. Slatta, Richard W. Comparing Cowboys and Frontiers. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1997.
    88. _____. The Cowboy Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO Press, 1994. Paperback edition, W. W. Norton, 1996.
    89. _____. Cowboys of the Americas. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1990. Paperback edition 1994.
    90. _____. "Spanish Colonial Military Strategy and Ideology." in Contested Ground: Comparative Frontiers on the Northern and Southern Edges of the Spanish Empire, ed. Donna J. Guy and Thomas E. Sheridan. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1998, pp. 83-96.
    91. _____. "Historical Frontier Imagery in the Americas." in Changing Boundaries in the Americas, edited by Lawrence A. Herzog (LaJolla, CA: UCSD Center for US-Mexican Studies, 1992), pp. 25-46.
    92. _____. "Historical Frontier Imagery in the Americas." in Latin American Frontiers, Borders, and Hinterlands: Research Needs and Resources, edited by Paula Covington (Albuquerque: SALALM Secretariat, 1990): 5-25.
    93. _____. "Comparative Frontier Social Life: Western Saloons and Argentine Pulperías." Great Plains Quarterly, 7: 3 (Summer 1987): 155-165.
    94. _____."Llaneros and Gauchos: A Comparative View." Inter-American Review of Bibliography, 35: 4 (1985): 409-421.
    95. _____."Gauchos, llaneros y cowboys: Un aporte ala historia comparada." Boletín Americanista, 34 (1984): 193-208.
    96. _____."Cowboys, Gauchos, and Llaneros." Persimmon Hill, 12: 4 (1983): 8-23.
    97. _____."Cowboys and Gauchos." Americas, 33: 3 (Mar. 1981): 3-8.
    98. Smith, Dwight L., ed. The American and Canadian West: A Bibliography. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO Press, 1979.
    99. Solberg, Carl E. Immigration and Nationalism: Argentina and Chile, 1890-1914. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1970.
    100. _____. The Pampas and the Prairies: Agrarian Policy in Canada and Argentina, 1880-1930. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1987.
    101. Sullivan, Tom R. Cowboys and Caudillos: Frontier Ideology of the Americas. Bowling Green: Bowling Green State University Popular Press, 1990.
    102. Tinker, Edward Larocque. Centaurs of Many Lands. London: J. A. Allen, 1964.
    103. _____. The Horsemen of the Americas and the Literature They Inspired. Rev. ed. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1967.
    104. Weber, David J. and Jane M. Rausch, ed. Where Cultures Meet: Frontiers in Latin American History. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1994.
    105. Weber, David. Barbaros. Spaniards and their Savages in the Age of Enlightenment. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005.

      Latin America: Spanish Origins

    106. Baretta, Silvio Duncan and John Markoff. "Civilization and Barbarism: Cattle Frontiers in Latin America." Comparative Studies in Society and History 20 (October 1978): 587-620.
    107. Belaúnde, Victor Andres. "The Frontier in Hispanic America." Rice Institute Pamphlet, 10: 4 (October 1923): 202-213.
    108. Bishko, Charles J. "The Peninsular Background of Latin American Cattle Ranching." Hispanic American Historical Review 32: 4 (November 1952): 491-515.
    109. Bolton, Herbert Eugene Bolton. "The Epic of Greater America." American Historical Review, 38: 3 (April 1933): 448-474.
    110. Bowman, Isaiah. The Pioneer Fringe. New York: American Geographical Society, 1931.
    111. Chasteen, John C. Heroes on Horseback: A Life and Times of the Last Gaucho Caudillos (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1995).
    112. Clementi, Hebe. La frontera en America. 4 vols. Bueos Aires: Editorial Leviatan, 1986-88.
    113. _____. "National Identity and the Frontier." American Studies International, 19: 3-4 (1981): 36-44.
    114. Chornovol, Ihor "From the Past of the Historical Science in the USA: the Historiography of Latin American and Bolton Thesis", Historiographical Research in Ukraine, v.19 (2008), p.132-157 (in Ukrainian but with bibliographical citataions in English).
    115. Graham, Robert Bontine Cunninghame. The South American Tales and Sketches of Robert B. Cunninghame Graham. ed. John Walker. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1978.
    116. _____. Rodeo: A Collection of Tales and Sketches. ed. A. F. Tschiffely. Garden City: Doubleday, Doran and Co., 1936.
    117. Hennessy, Alistair. The Frontier in Latin American History. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1978.
    118. Loy, Jane M. "Horsemen of the Tropics: A Comparative View of the Llaneros in the History of Venezuela and Colombia." Boletín Americanista 31 (1981): 159-71. [now Jane M. Rausch]
    119. Morrisey, Richard J. "The Shaping of Two Frontiers," Americas, 3: 1 (January 1951): 3-6, 41-42.
    120. Rausch, Jane M. "Frontiers in Crisis: the Breakdown of the Missions in Far Northern Mexico and New Granada, 1821-1849." Comparative Studies in Society and History, 29: 2 (1987): 340-359.
    121. Slatta, Richard W."Gaúcho and Gaucho: Comparative Socioeconomic Change in Rio Grande do Sul and Buenos Aires Province, 1869- 1920." Estudos Ibero-Americanos, 6: 2 (Dec. 1980): 191-202.
    122. _____, ed. Bandidos: The Varieties of Latin American Banditry. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1987.
    123. Urbaneja Achelpohl, Luis Manuel. El gaucho y el llanero. Caracas: Elite, 1926.

      American West(US)

    124. Adams, Ramon. Western Words: A Dictionary of the Range, Cowcamp, and Trail. Reprint. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1945, 1968
    125. Forbes, Jack D. "Frontiers in American History." Journal of the West, 1: 1 & 2 (1962): 63-74.
    126. _____. "Frontiers in American History and the Role of the Frontier Historian." Ethnohistory, 15 (Spring 1968): 203-35.
    127. Isern, Tom. Bibliography on the History of the North American Plains.
    128. Malone, Michael P. "Beyond the Last Frontier: Toward a New Approach to Western American History." Western Historical Quarterly, 20: 4 (November 1989): 409-28.
    129. Steffen, Jerome O. Comparative Frontiers: A Proposal for Studying the American West. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980.
    130. Robert N. Smead, Vocabulario Vaquero/Cowboy Talk: A Dictionary of Spanish Terms from the American West Foreword by Richard W. Slatta (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2004 ).
    131. Usner, Daniel H., Jr. Indians, Settlers, and Slaves in a Frontier Exchange Economy: The Lower Mississippi Valley Before 1983. Chapel Hill: Universityof North Carolina Press, 1992.

      Canadian West

    132. Breen, David H, ed. "The Turner Thesis and the Canadian West: A Closer Look at the Ranching Frontier" in Essays on Western History in Honour of Lewis Gwynne Thomas. ed. Lewis H. Thomas Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 1976.
    133. Cross, Michael S., ed. The Turner Thesis and the Canadas: The Debate on the Impact of the Canadian Environment. Toronto: Copp Clark, 1970.
    134. Doyle, James. "American Literary Images of the Canadian Prairies, 1860-1910." Great Plains Quarterly, 6 (Winter 1983): 3-20.
    135. Sharp, Paul F. Whoop-Up Country: The Canadian-American West, 1865-1885. Helena: Historical Society of Montana, 1962.
    136. _____. "The American Farmer and the `Last Best West,'" Agricultural History 21: 2 (April 1947): 65-75.
    137. Starrs, Paul F.
    138. Let the Cowboy Ride: Cattle Ranching in the American West
    139. . Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1998.


    140. Gump, James. "The Subjugation of the Zulus and Sioux: A Comparative Study." Western Historical Quarterly, 19: 1 (January 1988): 21-36.
    141. Lamar, Howard R. and Leonard Thompson, eds. The Frontier in History: North America and South Africa Compared. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1981.

      Australia/New Zealand

    142. National Gallery of Australia. New Worlds from Old: 19th Century Australian & American Landscapes National Gallery of Australia, Canberra and the Wadsworth Atheneum, dist. by Thames and Hudson, 1998. A lavish catalogue which accompanies the exhibition of the same name at the Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford (Sept. 12-Jan.4, 1999) and Corcoran, Washington (Jan. 26-April 18, 1999).
    143. Platt, D. C. M. and Guido diTella, eds. Argentina, Australia and Canada: Studies in Comparative Development, 1870-1965 London: Macmillan, 1985.


    144. Barrett, Thomas M. "The Frontiers of the North Caucasus." Slavic Review, 54: 3 (Fall 1995): 578-601.
    145. _____. "Crossing Boundaries: The Trading Frontiers of the Terek Cossacks." in Russia's Orient: Imperial Borderlands and Peoples, 1700-1917. ed. Daniel R. Brower and Edward J. Lazzerini. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997.
    146. _____. "Wild East, Wild West: The Frontier in Russian and American Popular Culture." (in progress)
    147. Bassin, Mark. "Turner, Solov'ev, and the 'Frontier Hypothesis': The Nationalist Significance of Open Spaces" Journal of Modern History, 1993: 476-511.
    148. _____. "A Russian Missippi? A Political-Geographic Inquiry into theVision of Russia on the Pacific, 1840-1865." Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Berkeley 1983.
    149. _____. "Inventing Siberia." American Historical Review, 1991.
    150. _____. "Expansion and colonialism on the Eastern Frontier." Journal of Historical Geography, 1988.
    151. _____. "Imperial Visions: Nationalist Imagination and Geographical Expansion in the Russian Far East 1840-1865." (Cambridge, forthcoming).
    152. Collins, David. "Culture, Christianity and the Northern Peoples of Canada and Siberia." Religion, State & Society, 25, no. 4 (1997): 381-92.
    153. Forsyth, James. A History of the Peoples of Siberia.
    154. Gibson, James R. "Russian Expansion in Siberia and America: Critical Contrasts," in Frederick Starr, ed. Russia's American Colony (1987).
    155. _____. "Russian Expansion in Siberia and America," The Geographical Review, vol. 70, no.2, pp. 125-136.
    156. Khodarkovsky, Michael. Where Two Worlds Met: The Russian State and the Kalmyk Nomads, 1600-1771. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1992.
    157. Lantzeff, George V. and Richard A. Pierce. Eastward to Empire: Exploration and Conquest on the Russian Open Frontier to 1750. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1973.
    158. Library of Congress. Meeting of Frontiers. Compares the US and Russia
    159. Lincoln, W. Bruce. The Conquest of a Continent: Siberia and theRussians. New York: Random House, 1994.
    160. Lobanov-Rostrovsky, A. "Russian expansion in the Far East in the light of the Turner hypothesis," in Walker D. Wyman and Clifton B. Kroeber, eds., The Frontier In Perspective. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1965.
    161. Slezkine, Yuri. Arctic Mirrors. Russia and the Small Peoples of the North. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1994.
    162. Treadgold, Donald W. "Russian Expansion in the Light of Turner's Study of the American Frontier." Agricultural History, 26: 4 (October 1952): 147-52.
    163. _____. The Great Siberian Migration: Government and Peasant in Resettlement from Emancipation to the First World War. (1957)
    164. Wieczynski, Joseph I. The Russian Frontier. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1976.
    165. Wood, Alan. Russia's 'Wild East': Exile, Vagrancy and Crime in Nineteenth-century Siberia, in: Alan Wood (ed.) The History of Siberia From Russian Conquest to Revolution, London, New York 1991, pp. 117-139.


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