Social Science Computer Review
Perceptions of Voting Technology: Paper Ballots versus Voting Machine with and
without Paper Audit Trail / Menno De Jong, Joris Van Hoof, & Jordy Gosselt
Abstract: Despite their unmistakable advantages, the use of voting machines in elections is a topic of vivid debates. This article focuses on the experiences of voters using three types of voting equipment: (a) a paper ballot, (b) a voting machine, and (c) a voting machine with paper audit trail. An independent-groups experiment was conducted in which voters had to cast a vote for a donation to a charity organization, and afterwards filled out a questionnaire about their voting experiences. The paper ballot was considered to be the most anonymous way of voting, especially by female voters. The voting machine (with or without paper trail), on the other hand, was considered to be more user-friendly than the paper ballot, and gave the voters more confidence that their votes would actually be processed correctly. No differences were found between the voting machine with and without paper audit trail.
Keywords: voting technology, voting machine, paper ballot, trust, usability, paper trail
The Effect of
Internet Use on Political Participation: An Analysis of Survey Results for 16
year olds in Belgium / Ellen Quintelier & Sara Vissers
Systems for Public Policy Implementation: The Case of Pension Reform / Agneta
Safe Haven for Mis-behaving?† An Investigation of Online Misbehavior among
University Students† /
Abstract: Whilst instances of serious 'cyber-crimes' such as fraud, paedophilia, hate speech and hacking have been the focus of considerable academic interest, more commonplace misuses of the Internet have received less attention. These misbehaviors and instances of malpractice include the misrepresentation of self via the Internet, the unauthorised downloading of copyrighted music and video files, the use of Internet pornography, online plagiarism and other forms of 'cyber-cheating'. Whilst these transgressions may be of minor legal and criminological importance they nevertheless merit closer academic scrutiny if we are to understand better the evolving role of the Internet in everyday life. Based on a self-report study of 1222 UK undergraduate students, the present paper explores the prevalence, nature and underpinning facilitators of five examples of such Internet-based misbehavior. Whilst the data show over 90 percent of respondents self-reporting some form of online misbehavior during the past twelve months, significant differences were evident in terms of gender, Internet expertise and, to a lesser extent, age. Although respondents tended to portray the Internet as a more conducive and enabling environment for such misbehavior, the survey data reported a strong correlation between respondents' propensity to misbehave in online and offline contexts. These data therefore highlight the need to contextualise instances of cyber-deviance in relation to the offline 'life-world' of the Internet user as well as the wider role of the Internet in every-day life.
Keywords: Internet, misbehavior, cyber-deviance, downloading, pornography, plagiarism
Chronemic Cues and
Sex Differences in Relational E-mail: Perceiving Immediacy and Supportive
Message Quality / Andrew M. Ledbetter
Abstract: Though major computer-mediated communication theories incorporate assumptions about the potency of chronemic cues, the claim that chronemic cues shape online message interpretation has received little empirical attention. This manuscript reports the results of two studies designed to assess the influence of reply rate in benign and complex relational e-mail. Study 1 demonstrates that reply rate functions as an immediacy cue, with some evidence for overall sex differences in the perception of e-mail. Nevertheless, Study 2 demonstrates that reply rate is not directly associated with perceived quality of social support e-mail, instead finding a three-way interaction between emotional empathy, participant sex, and reply rate on message quality. Among the more important implications of these results is that although chronemic cues are significantly associated with online message interpretation, obtained effect sizes suggest that the influence of these cues is not as potent as some dominant computer-mediated communication theories imply.
Keywords: Computer-mediated communication, chronemics, immediacy, social support, e-mail, emotional empathy
Using Computer-Assisted Text Analysis / Juliane Landmann & Cornelia Zuell
Abstract: Events like elections, significant changes in laws, but also extreme weather conditions may affect societal values and, consequently, public opinion. Accordingly, a central assumption for public opinion surveys is that respondents' behavior is influenced by significant events. It is therefore necessary to consider the impact of potential events when designing a survey, and whenever possible, to control for these. To support the documentation of such societal events, we have developed a procedure to identify events using computer-assisted text analysis. Event words are selected and grouped by means of exploratory factor analysis based on a comparison of a large text corpus which forms the reference for a smaller text corpus consisting of media items on significant events. As a result, the factors represent significant events during a specific time period.
Keywords: computer-assisted text analysis, statistical association approach, reference text corpus, event reporting, newspaper articles
Message to the Medium: Results from an Experiment on Internet Survey Email
Contacts / Casey A. Klofstad, Shelley Boulianne, & Danna Basson
Abstract: This paper reports the results of an experiment that varies whether respondents are informed that they will receive a reminder email if they fail to complete an Internet questionnaire. The findings show that informing respondents about impending reminder emails effectively increases Internet survey response rates. Moreover, this method increases the representativeness of the study without negatively affecting data quality.
Keywords: web survey, response rate, Internet, email, invitation to participate, contact
Modeling Strategic Competition in Geopolitical Systems / Nils B. Weidmann and
Qualitative Data Analysis Software: A Review of Atlas.ti /
Solution for Distance Education: A Review of MediaSite / Michael L. Vasu &
Ali O. Ozturk
†Global Perspectives on E-Commerce and Taxation
Law, by Subhajit Basu / Reviewed by James Piecowye